Beijing, sometimes romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world. The metropolis, located in northern China, is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government, with 14 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties. Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast.
Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban population after Shanghai and is the nation's political, cultural, and educational center. It is home to the headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned companies, and is a major hub for the national highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks.
The Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic.The city's history dates back three rnmillennia. As the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has been the political center of the country for much of the past eight centuries.
The city is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, parks and gardens, tombs, walls and gates, and its art treasures and universities have madern it a center of culture and art in China. Encyclopedia Britannica notes that "few cities in the world have served for so long as the political rnheadquarters and cultural center of an area as immense as China."
Things To Do In Beijing in July
Midsummer is prime time in Beijing. With endless sights and a nonstop number of events, no visitor has done it all in Beijing in July.
The Forbidden City: Enterrintorn the enormous gates of a site once forbidden to any but royalty and aristocracy. The Forbidden City has a history stretching back farther than most in Beijing. With a ten meter high defensive wall, 178 acres, 600 year old architecture and palaces and courtyards galore, it is more than worth the small price of admission.
Tian'anmen Square: Though each landmark in Beijing has a history to be revered and respect, there are just too many. Kill two birds with one stone in the very heart of Beijing.rn Tian'anmen Square, opposite the Forbidden City, brims with Chinese rnpride, history and culture. This historic landmark is an excellent rnappetizer before visiting its larger neighbor.
The Bird's Nest: Located in Beijing Olympic park, north east of Beijing city center, 25, building area 80,000 square meters. The stadium can hold 10 million people, including the audience at 2 rnmillion. After the Olympic Games, which can bear major sports events, rnrnand all kinds of conventional and non-competition project, is a landmark building in Beijing Olympic Games, the Beijing Olympic Games isrn the precious heritage left, also will become citizens in Beijing in rnsports activities and enjoy extensive sports entertainment large-scale specialized sites.
The Summer Palace: Bygone emperors visited the summer palace, blooming with greenery and lakes asrn an escape from the summer heat, now Beijing tourists can too. rnEncompassed by bushels and sky scraping trees that embrace visitors withrn shade and winds pushing natural air conditioning off of the water, mostrn tourists discover why emperors visited this locale during the summer rnbefore the tour guide has a chance to explain.
The Temple of Heaven: The holiest of China’s temples, the Temple of Heaven was a gateway rnto paradise and in some ways still is. Climbing the sacred steps and rnrising towards the elevated platform invokes a sense of reverence. Builtrn with celestial and lunar rationale, no time is better than the summer rnto observe this holy site in Beijing.
The Chengde Summer Palace: If you want to visit a cooler place to escape the heat in the city, the Summer Palace in Chengde, a day trip away, is a good choice. China rnHighlights offers a two-day tour to Chengde.